Contents

This article explains the many different types of cosmetic dentistry available today.

How Does Cosmetic Dentistry Work?

How Does Cosmetic Dentistry Work?There are many people who are unhappy with their appearance in the world today. Some peoples teeth may have been unattractive for their entire lives, whereas others teeth may have aged and slowly become unattractive. For these reasons, many people decide to look into cosmetic dentistry. Cosmetic dentistry could be considered a dental facelift, changing someones appearance so that they look better and feel better about themselves. There are many techniques in "cosmetic dentistry" , from braces to porcelain veneers. More often than not, dentists use a combination of these techniques in order to achieve the best results.The first method widely used in cosmetic dentistry is Porcelain Laminate Veneers (also known as veneers). These veneers are specially made porcelain wafers that can be places over teeth in order to enhance their appearance. Veneers can correct unappealing smiles, reverse the effects of aging, and whiten teeth. Many popular movie stars use veneers today in order to have that perfect smile. There are temporary and permanent veneers. People usually ware the temporary veneers while the permanent ones are being made. In terms of cost, veneers usually cost several thousand dollars, depending on the amount of teeth needing modification.Teeth whitening is another very popular way to change the appearance of teeth. There are two types of whitening, in-office or at-home whitening. In-office whitening uses a high intensity light along with 35% hydrogen peroxide. The patients gums are protected, and the whitening process takes about an hour. The results are usually teeth that are four to six shades lighter than before. The at-home systems generally use between 10 and 20% carbamine peroxide. Impressions of the persons mouth are made in order to make trays. The trays are then fitted and the patient is told to place a little bit of the carbamine peroxide gel in the tray and ware it while sleeping. The time of wearing this varies greatly from one week to six. Some people use a combination of in-office and at-home systems. This usually has a result of 12 to 15 shades of whitening. There are three popular procedures to fix only a few unappealing teeth. The procedures for fixing select teeth are: tooth shaping, bonded-bridge, and resin or tooth colored fillings. Tooth shaping is when a doctor removes a very small amount of enamel from a tooth in order to shape it and make it more appealing. This is usually used for shortening long teeth, rounding off pointed teeth, or to simply make a smile follow the contour of the lower lip (which is more appealing). This procedure costs only $25 to $75 per tooth. The bonded-bridge procedure is used to replace missing teeth. The procedure usually involves taking out a small amount from teeth on either side of the missing tooth and then taking an impression or mold. From this, a bonded-bridge that can attach to the backs of the teeth on either side is made. There are resin-bonded bridges that do not fall out as easily, and there are metal bonded-bridges that are more expensive. Finally, people can get resin or tooth colored fillings. Resin is used to fill small cavities or a chipped front tooth. Resin instead of porcelain veneers saves money as well as time, but resin needs to be replaced every so often.The final two things people can do in cosmetic dentistry are gum-lifts and braces. Gum-lifts remove gums in order to make teeth appear longer and eliminate a gummy smile. Uneven gum lines can make the teeth seem as though they are of different lengths that makes for an unattractive smile. The procedure is relatively quick and painless. Braces are the last, and most common, way to get cosmetic dentistry. Braces are placed on the teeth and can straighten crooked teeth, help fix over-bites, and generally create a more appealing smile. Braces are very time consuming, and costly, but are a great option for children. Some adults do get braces, but most opt for faster, cheaper methods. Braces run from $3,500 to $4,500, and require multiple visits to the orthodontist. Cosmetic dentistry has been described as not a science but rather an art. Cosmetic dentists use many different procedures in order to improve their patients smiles and overall confidence. Some cosmetic dentistry procedures can be very costly, but yield great results. So, if someone has been unhappy with their smile for years, and does not know what to do, cosmetic dentistry may be the perfect option.

Massage Chairs

Massage Chairs

Massage Chairs. The Space CriterionYou must have a specific amount of space for the massage chair, in your house. This must be the foremost aspect that must be considered. Massage chairs are not light in weight and many a massage chair is quite heavy. A large number of people prefer to keep these chairs in the home office area or the bedroom. There might be a case wherein, you would want to keep the massage chair in your living room, but it might just cramp up the living room area. Moreover, the other people in the house might not like the idea. Many of massage chairs have the recliner feature. So, you must place the chair in a place such that you can make full use of the recliner feature and recline without any encumbrance or space constraint. People Using Massage Chairs5'10 inches or thereabouts is the comfortable height, wherein the use of the massage chair can be optimized. If you are significantly shorter or taller then this figure then the best thing would be to give the massage chair a test ride. This is because your height determines whether the back rollers of the massage chair will massage your back or the back of your head and neck. All "massage chairs" are available with a control pad, which can be used to adjust the position of the rollers and the nodes, when the massage chair is in use. There are also other massage chairs that have an automatic adjustment system configured into them, which identifies the height of a person and adjusts its rollers accordingly. Your massage chair should offer you comfort, hence before buying you must always check whether the height of the massage seat etc will offer you comfort or not. Massage Chair FeaturesOnce you give the market for massage chairs a look over you will find that a typical massage chair comes with a whole lot of features. However, not all features are used on a frequent basis. See if the features suit your requirements or not. Suppose you suffer from a chronic neck strain, then you must choose a massage chair that will address that specific problem. There are a few massage chairs that concentrate only on the neck and shoulder areas while there are others that use the inflation and deflation of airbags to massage a particular area. There are also some massage chairs that concentrate on your leg and foot areas, while others put primary focus on the hip and buttocks. Moreover, the intensity of the massage must also be checked before you purchase a massage chair. There are some chairs that are known for their intense pressure while there are other who do not exert as much pressure while massaging. BudgetWe had mentioned earlier that massage chairs dont come cheap. However, there is no real need to buy massage chairs from the top of the heap, with a high price tag. When it comes to massage chairs, the price is not the determinant of quality of efficacy. Remember, the more the features in a particular massage chair, the higher the price tag. Nobody uses all the features of a massage chair, so if you want to buy within the confines of a particular budget then its best that you choose a massage chair that offers a few basic features.The design, features, and lastly the price of [*_*] is enough to make your mind boggle. So, just look at your inherent requirement and revolve your choice around them.

Psoriasis Medications

Psoriasis Medications

he types of psoriasis medications used for treatment depends on how severe the case of psoriasis is, and how the person has responded to previous medications and treatment. Most of the time, psoriasis medication starts with topical creams, ointments and salves, then moves on to Ultraviolet (UV) light treatment. Sometimes the UV light treatment is combined with topical creams and ointments to enhance their effects too. With severe cases of psoriasis however, and those cases which haven't responded to other treatments, injection drug medications are used.Now, psoriasis is a skin condition or disease which is not contagious. It's actually caused by an over reaction of the body's own immune system, and often that reaction is caused by triggers of some kind. Common triggers include severe stress, trauma or injury, and severe illnesses such as strep throat.When the body is subjected to a trigger, the immune system starts generating new skin cells rapidly, and pushing them to the surface in just a few days time. Normally skin cells take thirty days or so to rise to the surfacethough, and this gives the existing surface skin time to die off and shed. Since psoriasis sufferers have new skin rising rapidly though, that skin piles up in the form of thick skin plaques which can be red, itchy and flaky.Since psoriasis is considered uncurable, and in fact doctors are not entirely sure what causes the disease yet, treatment and medicine is focused on reducing or controlling the symptoms of psoriasis. Not all psoriasis medications work the same for everyone though, so sometimes multiple types of treatment are needed.The first step in treating psoriasis is to use topical psoriasis medications. Topical medications are creams, salves and ointments which have ingredients in them designed to soften the psoriasis plaques, thin them out, and in some cases slow down the skin growth response.Many non-prescription psoriasis medications have herbs in them, or they use natural and herbal ingredients which are known to help soften and heal skin problems. Examples can include aloe vera, oatmeal, and jojoba. Other psoriasis creams and ointments contain coal tar or retinoic acid. Prescription based creams often contain Vitamin D derrivatives, and steriods which can help slow down the rate of skin growth.When topical psoriasis medications don't work by themselves, doctors often introduce UV light therapy as well. Sunlight can clear up mild cases of psoriasis, because the sun helps kill surface skin cells more quickly and this helps them shed faster. Doctors and dermatologists however, use a more targeted, focused form of light therapy to treat the psoriasis plaques themselves. Often this is used in combination with the topical psoriasis medications.When neither of those psoriasis treatments work though, doctors sometimes use special immune supressing drugs which are given by IV in the hospital, or through injection with a needle. These psoriasis medications are very powerful and work to supress the body's immune system, but they can have dangerous side effects too so they're often only used for the most severe cases of psoriasis.

Treating Muscle Spasms And Muscle Knots

Treating Muscle Spasms And Muscle Knots

It is widely believed in sports medicine circles that massage is a good muscle relaxer after intense exercise. Using massage to end pain from sports injuries or overuse including muscle spasms, cramps, sprains and strains helps to speed healing and relax the muscles.A spasm is an unexpected, violent and involuntary contraction of a muscle or group of muscles accompanied by a sudden burst of pain which is generally harmless but may interfere with function. It produces involuntary movement and distortion but ceases after a few minutes. A spasm may occur due to a disease, strain, or injury to the muscle or nearby tissues. It could also be an impairment of circulation or disturbance of body chemistry which can be confined, severe or fairly generalized.Painless or localized spasms are called tics. This involuntary movement of muscles, usually of the face, may seem to be a natural reaction or response to a certain stimulus but eventually, it will happen automatically even without any reason at all. Spasmodic muscle contraction may also be due to a large number of medical conditions, however, including dystonia.Muscle spasms occur early after an injury takes place. It is characterized by a tightening of muscles in the area which could be painful at times but not always. Later on, when the basic injury is not fixed, muscle spasms form muscle knots which are painful and become part of the problem. Oftentimes, it is this pain from the muscle knots that pushes a person to seek "muscle relaxer" treatment. This is the case with injuries to the neck and back.Muscle knots, also known as myofascial trigger points in medical term, are abnormal areas within the muscle which cause pain. There is still not much information as to what muscle knots really are. However, doctors made some biopsy test by cutting a piece out of muscle knots and results showed that some abnormal protein deposits seemed to be present in the sample tissue. Some treating practitioners believe that there is excessive connective tissue in these areas, but there is little evidence in the (unfortunately few) studies that have been done to support the idea of excess connective tissue. The knots form because the spasm keeps the muscle working continuously around the clock which is beyond normal body function. Generally, our bodies move in normal activities with different muscles working in cycles. Since the muscles are not designed for such continuous work, time will come when muscle work overloads and forms these knots. That is why it is important that spasm is treated with available muscle relaxer treatments to help reduce this problem. Treatment of muscle spasms and muscle knots must be done in close coordination with a medical professional or therapist. Aside from a relaxing massage, exercise is an important muscle relaxer method to help with muscle spasms and muscle knots. However, exercise and massage can become uncomfortable but the patient is expected to feel better later. The treatments for muscle pains are as diverse as the causes. From over-the-counter and prescription drugs to mind-body techniques to acupuncture, if one approach doesn't work, another one might. But when it comes to treating chronic pain, no single muscle relaxer technique is guaranteed to produce complete pain relief. Relief may be found by using a combination of treatment options.

The Common Cold: Children's Leading Source of Discomfort

Our body is always prone to different infections, sickness, and illnesses that may harm our health. It is necessary for each person to take enough vitamins and minerals to increase our body's protection from harmful bacteria and viruses that cause illness. Vitamin supplements are usually given to children who need more protection against illnesses. A change in the weather, how they go about their outdoor playtime activities, and what they eat and drink affect chilren's state of health.Among the many illnesses contracted by children, perhaps there is none more common that the common cold. The "common cold" is a highly contagious viral infection of the upper respiratory tract. It is one of the most common reasons why children visit doctors and become absent from school. From having headaches to sniffles and sneezes, to a sore throat and irritating cough, having this particular infection usually catches up with us or our children when our body's immune system is no longer able to stave off viral attacks. The first few symptoms of a common cold are often felt in the throat, a symptom that is characterized by a somewhat tickling sensation. A runny or stuffy nose can also occur when dealing with the common cold, which also includes the annoying sneeze. Children with colds may also experience sore throat, cough, headache, mild fever, muscle aches, fatigue, and loss of appetite. A child that is sick with the common cold is likely to have a watery to thick yellow or green discharge from their nose.How do we get the cold virus? Rhino viruses are invisible droplets in the air we breathe or on things we touch. This specific virus is the main cause of a common cold, and can penetrate through the protective lining of a child's nose and throat, provoking an immune system reaction which are really shown as cold symptoms. A common cold is most contagious during the first two to four days after symptoms appear, and can still be contagious for up to three weeks. Catching a cold is easy, since this can be done through contact with another person, or by breathing in virus particles that were spread in the air through sneezing or coughing. Touching the mouth or nose after touching another surface that is contaminated with the rhino virus can also spread the disease. The whole duration of this kind of infection depends on the treatment or the child himself. Common cold symptoms generally appear two or three days after exposure to the said infection. Most of the colds that we experience lasts for up to one week, but some clears up in as early as two weeks.In order to prevent your children from getting this common infection, it is advisable to stay away from anyone who smokes or is currently having colds, since its virus particles can reach up to twelve feet when someones sneezes or coughs. After blowing their noses, it is good if children wash their hands thoroughly and frequently. It is also good to teach them how to cover their noses or mouths when coughing or sneezing to prevent the infection from spreading out. Since the virus from a common cold is contagious, it is better for people, especially the children, to not use or share towels, eating utensils, and drinking glass. As they always say, prevention is better than cure.

Learn More About Indole 3 Carbinol

Eat your brussel sprouts! Mom really did have a great reason for forcing us to eat those horrible vegetables but I bet she didnt even know the full benefits. It turns out that cruciferous vegetables including broccoli, cauliflower, brussel sprouts and cabbage contain Indole 3 Carbinol (I3C). I3C is the reason our moms were so strongly encouraging us to eat up. Since being discovered, Indole 3 Carbinol has been used in many studies that suggest several health benefits, especially for women. Oral ingestion of Indole 3 Carbinol has been shown to alter the metabolism of estrogen in a beneficial manner. As we know from hormone replacement therapy (HRT) studies, excess estrogen in the body can be damaging. Its fairly common knowledge that HRT can increase the risks of most gynecological cancers including endometrial, ovarian and breast cancer as well as increasing the risks of heart attacks and stroke. HRT can also induce PMS type symptoms including bloating, breast tenderness, moodiness and irritability and water retention. So, if all these things can occur because of an increase in estrogen, maybe we should understand a little better what it is that is causing this to happen. Here is a little Biology 101. Both male and female bodies have estrogen receptors. These receptors are like electrical outlets. The purpose of estrogen receptors is to receive estrogen and allow the body to process the estrogen. Just like there are many different things that you could plug into an electrical outlet, there are several different types of estrogen that can plug into estrogen receptors. In the case of electrical outlets, various things will pull different amounts of power such as the difference between a night light and a computer. Obviously, the computer will draw much more power than the night light, but the least amount of power will be drawn from one of those little plastic safety plugs. Back to the estrogen receptors. Different forms of estrogen; phytoestrogen, estriol, estrone, estradiol and xenoestrogens, have different effects when plugged into those estrogen receptors. The weaker the estrogen, the less estrogenic effects they will have on the body. The stronger the estrogen, the more negative effects they will have on health. But just as any house has a limited number of electrical outlets, the body has a limited number of estrogen receptors. Ideally we want to plug as many estrogen receptors as possible with weak estrogens, primarily phytoestrogens which come from plant sources. HRT and hormonal birth control methods all use the strongest natural estrogen, estradiol. Indole 3 Carbinol mimics the weakest forms of estrogen. Therefore, the more Indole 3 Carbinol that is absorbed by the body and used to plug the estrogen receptors, less receptors will be available to the stronger estrogens. Studies indicate that Indole 3 Carbinol is more beneficial than Tamoxifen for the prevention of breast cancer1. This may be due to I3C's ability to mimic very weak estrogen in the body. Studies have also indicated that Indole 3 Carbinol was beneficial to mice suffering from Lupus and other autoimmune disorders2. Other studies indicate that Indole 3 Carbinol may be beneficial for the following concerns. Ovarian cancer Prostate cancer Colon cancer Human Papilloma Virus (HVP) Cervical dysplasia3 In addition, because of the ability Indole 3 Carbinol seems to have on estrogen, case studies are now showing it may be beneficial for: Hot flashes and other menopausal symptoms Breast tenderness, cramping and other menstrual symptoms Helping to relieve muscle soreness do to exercise or overexertion. With so much contributing to the numerous benefits of Indole 3 Carbinol, it may be time to start listening to mom and eat those veggies! 1. Prevention and treatment of cancer with indole-3-carbinol, Alternative Medicine Review, Dec, 2001 by Matthew S. Brignall 2. Indole-3-carbinol in women with SLE: effect on estrogen metabolism and disease activity, Lupus, Volume 10, Number 11, November 2001, pp. 779-783(5) 3. Placebo-controlled trial of indole-3-carbinol in the treatment of CIN, Gynecol Oncol. 2000 Aug;78(2):123-9

Summary

This article explains the many different types of cosmetic dentistry available today.